CSS can be tricky. It can also be incredibly easy. I had a lot of help getting my head wrapped around CSS when I was first starting out and I take great pleasure in helping others the same way I was first helped: with solid code examples to learn from.
We’re going to round off our theme template building with the sidebar and footer templates.
Let’s start with sidebars. In WordPress, term “sidebar” refers to the part of a theme that contains widgets.
archive.php does (and all its related templates) is show posts based on a select criteria. A date range, or posts by a certain author, a category, or a tag. So, basically, it’s a lot like
Our theme will have one multipurpose
archive.php template to cover date, category, author, and tag archives.
The Search Template and The Page Template are vital to any complete WordPress Theme. And they’re both really easy to code.
I hate the Comments Template. There, I said it. It can be a confusing mess.
Luckily for you, I’ve sorted it out. Confusing still, yes. But sorted out. For this tutorial on the Comments Template, I’m basically going to walk you through what’s going to happen, show you some custom code snippets you’ll need to add to your
inc/template-tags.php file, and then drop the whole thing on you. Hopefully, it’ll start to make sense. But at the very least you’ll have a wicked comments template.
You’ve built an index of all your posts, now you need to create a template to frame each piece of content (or missing content) on its own. In this lesson, you’ll create templates for single posts, post attachments, and 404 error pages.
Index.php is the most crucial WordPress Theme Template. Not only because WordPress needs to use it if you’re missing any of its brother and sister templates (like,
tag.php) but because the work we do here, getting this template right, will help us breeze through the rest of our templates (with the exception of the dreaded comments template; that’s just plain difficult no matter how you look at it).
Now we get into the nitty-gritty: building up your
header.php and validating your theme with an HTML Doctype. There’ll be a lot of PHP in this lesson, but don’t despair. We’re also going to do two essential (and kinda neat) search engine optimization techniques and add some more things to your
We’re just about ready to start building our theme’s template files. Before we do this, however, it’s time for a quick briefing on data validation and sanitation, an important procedure we’ll take to ensure that our theme follows best security practices.
We’ve got a file structure in place, now let’s start adding things to them!
First, we’re going to add some PHP functions to our theme. These functions will serve a variety of purposes, including:
- adding support for WordPress features such as custom backgrounds, headers, post formats, etc
- setting up theme defaults
- acting as “containers” for code we can reuse throughout the theme